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Brakeman William Alexander. ABBOTT1,2,3

Brakeman Bill Abbot was able to sneak away and lay torpedoes signals to alert oncoming trains. Then he ran five miles back to Mission to report the holdup.

Vancouver Province (Van. Prov.), 27 Nov 1946
A meeting of pioneer railroaders honoured Mission robbery conductor Bill Abbott (1262 Howe, Vancouver) at a meeting 27 Nov 1946, along with Theo Michell (baggage man), Herb Mitchell (express messenger), Harry Creelman (fireman), and AJ Buckley (brakeman).

Vancouver Prov., 11 Sep 1954
In 1954 73 year old Herbert Mitchell (expressman), 84 yr old Theo Michell (baggage man), and 75 yr old Bill Abbott (brakeman) met at a 50 yr anniversary of the 1904 robbery at a private home in Vancouver. Mitchell lived at 1215 West Seventh, and Abbott lived at 2368 West Broadway at that time. Michell was from Victoria. Abbott noted that the posse was kept liquored up on five cases of scotch, and that most all of them were drunk. Baggage man Michell noted that he had accompanied the body of Lewis Colquhoun on it's trip via C.P.R. to Collingwood, Ontario in Sept of 1911.


Lady ABERDEEN4 was the wife of the Governor General of Canada, 1893-1898.

"The Journal of Lady Aberdeen. The Okanagan Valley in the Nineties."
Annotated and edited by R. M. Middleton, Morris Publishing Ltd., Victoria, B.C. 1986

P69. Lady Aberdeen describes the American miners in the southern interior of B.C. in the 1890s in her diary of her visit to the South Kootenays in 1895 as follows:
"These people, belonging as they do to a wild and lawless class, are accustomed to cut a gash and shoot at one another without let or hindrance."
"But the moment they come into British Territory they realize that 'Aunt Peggy's laws' are made to be obeyed - they drop their revolvers and are willing to be kept in order by one constable."
(Note: Aunt Peggy is Queen Victoria, a close relative of Lady Aberdeen.)

From http://www.civilization.ca/hist/cadeau/cagif02e.html
The Honourable Ishbel Maria Marjoribanks was the daughter of Lord Tweedmouth. She married John Campbell Gordon, seventh Earl of Aberdeen, in 1877. During her years in Canada, Lady Aberdeen, wife of the Governor General, founded the National Council of Women of Canada (NCWC) in 1893, the Victorian Order of Nurses (VON) for Canada in 1897 and the May Courts of Canada, 1898
Lord Aberdeen was Governor General of Canada from 1893 to 1898.

The following is from http://www.gg.ca/history/bios/aberdeen_e.html
Even before Lord Aberdeen became Governor General in 1893, he and Lady Aberdeen had fallen in love with Canada. They had taken a world tour in 1890, which included an extensive visit to Canada. The Aberdeens were so impressed with this country that they purchased "Coldstream Ranch", located in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia, in 1891. They named the ranch "Guisachan", after Lady Aberdeen's father's estate in Scotland, and the house stands to this day.
Following his education at St. Andrews and Oxford Universities, Lord Aberdeen succeeded to the earldom in 1870, assuming his seat in the House of Lords, where he was a close friend and supporter of Prime Minister Gladstone. This was followed by his marriage to Ishbel Maria Majoribanks in 1877. Together they had five children, although one died soon after birth. He gained experience in overseas administration with his appointment as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1886, and he was also a representative of Her Majesty Queen Victoria at the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
After his term as Governor General of Canada, Lord Aberdeen returned to the United Kingdom and to the post of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Lady Aberdeen served as president of the International Council of Women until 1939. They continued their friendships with a number of Canadians until their deaths, Lord Aberdeen in 1934 and his wife in 1939.


William C ADAMS5,6,7 saw Dunn at Bostock's store. He was noted as living in May of 1906 in Ducks, B.C.  In his witness statement to C.P.R. Detective Wm. McLeod 18 May 1906, Adams describes himself as a book keeper, and that he looks after Bostock's Store at Ducks Station.

Adams was working at Bostock's store at Ducks at about 6:30 Saturday May 5th, when a man came in to purchase some chewing tobacco. He acted as a mute, and motioned for his purchase. He bought 25 cents worth and then left. Adams later recognized the man as Shorty Dunn when C.P.R. Detective McLeod showed him photos on 18 May 1906.

Adams' official statement is summarized in an unsigned report with other witness statements. It was most likely made to C.P.R. Detective McLeod. He was a book keeper and looked after the Bostock store at Ducks. On either the Friday or Saturday before the robbery, a man came into the store pretending he was dumb. He pointed to the chewing tobacco and Adams gave him two 25 cent plugs in return for two quarters. He came from the Kamloops road and when he left he went to the East. He had a light soft hat, dark clothes and had a white pack over his shoulders. Adams saw Dunn in the courtroom in Kamloops and is "strongly of the opinion" that it was the same man. A plug of tobacco found among the prisoner's effects was the same as he sold to the mute.

1904 Directory
Adam, William C. Storekeeper


Superintendent P. K. AHERN8,9,10,11,12,13 

In the Tony Martin Collection, Edwards Correspondence file, is a letter from P. K. Ahern, Superintendent of the Pinkertons in Seattle. Dated the 20th of September and addressed to Warden Whyte, he requests the latest photographs and descriptions of Miner and Clark, and as well those of McCluskey and Woods. He also suspects all or some of them, especially Miner, in the robbery of the Great Northern north of Seattle near Ballard in November 1905.
The Pinkerton's offices in Seattle were in the Bailey Block.

From Pinkerton's in Canada:
There was a close relationship between B.C. Provincial Police Sup't Hussey and Pinkerton's Ahern. On 28 Feb 1911, Ahern telegraphed Hussey to let him know that Miner had been arrested in Gainesville, Georgia.

"PK Ahearn (sic), veteran General Superintendent of the Seattle office of Pinkerton's, always suspected that the Ballard hold-up was the work of Miner".
(Forsell, p79)

On 26 May 06, Ahern sent a letter to Hussey re capture of Ducks robbers. He requested that the photos and full description of the bandits be forwarded to him, as well as a description of the firearms found in their possession complete with serial numbers.

On 11 June 1906, Superintendent P. K. Ahern of Pinkerton's National Detective Agency in Seattle wrote Warden Whyte of the B.C. Pen requesting the full descriptions of Miner, Dunn and Colquhoun. (A. Martin Coll., Geo. Edwards Correspondence file.)

In a letter to Hussey dated 13 July 06, Ahern thanks him for his letter, the pictures of Miner, Dunn and Colquhoun, and enclosed newspaper clippings. Ahern goes on to criticize Seavey from The Thiel Detective Agency for trying to get "a great deal of glory for the capture", and he emphasizes that the credit belongs solely to the B.C. Provincial Police and the R.N.W.M.P.
He advises Hussey that he will be in Victoria in a week’s time, and will bring him "the criminal record of this man Dunn".
The letterhead now notes that the Pinkerton's offices are in the Arcade building, and Ahern is now the Superintendent.


Madame ALBANI. Madame Albani and her group entertained in Kamloops during May 1906.

The Victoria Daily Colonist (VDC) of 13 May 06, p7, notes that she was to appear in Victoria on that date. It gives some information about the diva and the concert she provided to the good citizens of the provincial capital. It was no doubt similar to what took place in Kamloops later that month.

This was to be 54 year old Madame Albani's last tour. Her career started as first soprano and soloist in Albany, New York in 1866 at 14 years of age. Her singing master gave her the name of an ancient and extinct Italian family, and from then on her actual surname of Lejuenesse was dropped for stage appearances. She was accompanied in her troupe by a pianist, a violinist and other accomplished singers.

The day after her concert, the Victoria Daily Colonist of the 16 May 06, p2, reported that the Victoria Theatre was packed with her admirers. She was supported in her concert by the 100 voices of the Victoria Musical Society.


George W. ALDOUS14,15,16,17,18,19 was born on 27 Apr 1863 in Ontario.  In about 1906 he was a hotelkeeper in Princeton, B.C. He had business with both Miner and Budd.  He provided witness statements to Ducks robbery investigators.  Jim Harrison of Kamloops is a present day George Aldous source. He mentioned the story that Aldous helped Miner escape across the border disguised as a woman. This was after Miner's escape from the B.C. Pen.

1898 Voter's List-
Aldous, George Washington, Moyie, Free miner, KES (???)

From Princeton. 100 Years. 1867 to 1967. Currie.
During the first decade of the 20th Century, Aldous was one of the shareholders of the "Similkameen Hotel and Transportation Syndicate". Noted as owning the Hotel Princeton, Aldous invested in this venture with others, but the precise location of Similkameen City somewhere in the Similkameen Valley is unknown.

F.W. Anderson, p30
Aldous and Jack Budd had a hotel together in Princeton in 1900, but it burnt down.

The 1901 Census notes that George was living in the Princeton area with his wife Mary, and his 12 year old son Howard. He was employed as a hotelkeeper.

In the Kamloops Inland Sentinel of Tuesday 8 March 1904, it mentions that a fire broke out in the Tulameen Hotel at 5:30 in the morning of Wednesday the 2nd of March. The A. E. Howse store on the opposite corner of the street was also destroyed, for a loss of $50,000 in building and stock. The hotel, "occupied" by G. W. Aldous, was also totally destroyed, and losses were $5,000. It was insured for $1000.

During his May 23rd 1906 interview with Thiel detective #38, Mr. Dundas, proprietor of the Commercial Hotel in Chilliwak, related that on the 13th of November, 1904, G. W. Edwards and Geo. W. Aldous came to the Commercial Hotel and stayed two or three days. They took some horses to Ladner's Landing and sold them; took eleven down and sold them, and left three riding horses in the barn. He then gave a description of George Aldous to the operative. Aldous was about 30 years old, 5' 11" tall, square shoulders and dark brown hair and moustache. This took place only two months after the Mission robbery. The actual date was obtained from the Commercial Hotel register by the operative as 13 Nov 1904.

On 18 May 1906, C.P.R. Detective Bullick made a series of interviews in the Kamloops area. He was told that George Aldous and Jack Budd were partners and kept a saloon in Princeton which afterwards got burned down. Aldous was always very suspicious of Budd being implicated in something that he should not have been. Aldous' son, aged 16, worked on Budd's ranch for him, and it was assumed that the son could give considerable further information. It was said that right after the robbery had taken place at Ducks, Budd had kept two saddle horses waiting around Aspen Grove for someone to show up.

Kamloops Sentinel of 29 Jul 1927-
Dunn apparently held a children's picnic at the Aldous Ranch in 1921 prior to his leaving for Ootsa Lake in northern B.C.


J. P. "Dad" ALLEN.20,21  Information received after publication notes that his first name may have been spelled “Dahd.”  Also, that there is a road in the Missezula Lake region named after him.  (N. Wooliams, former Douglas Lake Ranch Manager.) 

Also, information after publication relates that one of the Guichons had a confrontation with Dad Allen over fencing and the free movement of cattle.  Allen threatened Guichon while he was carrying a holstered pistol somewhere south of the Quilchena ranch, and Guichon pressed his horse against him and prevented any further confrontation.  (G. Rose, grandson and present owner of Quilchena Ranch.)

Maisie Armitage-Moore writes, "Then there was my old friend "Dad" J. P. Allen. I first met "Dad" in 1897 in Slocan City, B.C., where he owned the livery stable and ran pack trains and horses to the mines. He was an old time Indian fighter, partner of the famous American Scout, Wild Bill Hickok, and a famous character himself. Mark Twain wrote about him in one of his stories about Silver City, Nevada, for which "Dad" hated him. Many amusing and interesting stories are told of this grand old man by the old timers. He taught me the finer points of riding (stock saddle), and although he was then in his late eighties, he rode like a Mexican Vaquero; not a bend in his knee; straight as a die; no man ever saw daylight between "Dad" and his saddle. He rode a raw-boned three year old grey stallion called "Turk". Always cautioning me not to be corrupted by the Old Country (English?) style of riding, and should I ever return to those "-------limejuicers"; I was always to sit my saddle like him; straight, and no bend in my knee. he confided in me that once he had sailed for England in a cattle boat to see, I think it was, the John L. Sullivan fight, but the fight never came off. Dad did not even get off the ship before returning to America.  He could, when telling a story, squirt the most contemptuous stream of tobacco juice of any man I ever met with in those "quid" chewing days. He was born in the state of New York, of Scottish descent. His father bred and trained race horses, “Dad" riding for him until he got too heavy; then he hit the trail for the West. In Texas, the first time he applied for a job 'working' cattle, the cowboys took him for a 'greenhorn'; tried him out by mounting him on an 'outlaw', and waited to see the fun. 'Dad' played green until he mounted; then he gave them one of the prettiest exhibitions of taming and breaking a mustang they had ever seen. 'Dad' married a lovely Irish girl called Molly, and although she had been dead for many years, tears would stream down his withered old cheeks when he spoke to me of his Molly. Molly and Dad packed the kids in a covered wagon, horse trading through the old West. All went well until the Sheriff of Death Valley killed Dad's eldest son, Charlie, so Dad killed the Sheriff, and had to get out and come to B.C. He used to call me 'Little One', and I never had a better or more loyal pal; he was the grandest old friend."

Maizie goes on top talk about Bill Miner, and after he was arrested for the Ducks robbery, Dad Allen "... rode from Aspen Grove to Lower Nicola to plead with me not to judge our old friend too harshly. He said, 'Because, Little One, he never killed anyone, nor robbed the poor. He was just one of those socialist fellows, who took from the rich and gave to the poor.' Dad knew him well, and claimed that he had educated eighteen girls and boys; putting them through college. He said that the first train Bill held up was the Santa Fe in California (if I remember rightly). It seems that a section hand had been killed.  In those days there was no Workmens' Compensation Act, so he took the $8,000 (eight thousand) and gave it to the man's wife and children. From then on Bill was a philanthropist. Dad told me a lot more about his (Bill's) gang."

Nicola Herald, Tue. 20 June 1905, V1, #6.
At the Aspen Grove Camp, the Portland Mine work was proceeding satisfactorily. "'Dad' Allen and his partners are hard at work on the Pearl Group of claims, and are continuing the tunnel cross cutting the formation, and have shown up a large body of ore." It was noted that Aspen Grove was showing it was one of the best copper camps in the west." ((Jack Budd was a partner to Dad Allen on many of his ventures, as was Alonzo Roberts of Aspen Grove.)

In the 1906 B.C. Mining Report for the Yale District, Nicola Division, it states as follows:
Nicola Mining Division.
George Murray, Mining Recorder
Aspen Grove Camp. "Efforts are now chiefly to keeping up assessment work and crown granting".
"On the group of claims owned by Dad Allen, assessment work has resulted in exposing copper glances, chalco-pyrite and bornite. Locations held by (Alonzo) Roberts and (Jack) Budd, in which prospecting has been done, afford excellent showings".


Albert ALLISON was born in 1865 in Princeton, B.C. He died in 1933. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Nora YAKUMTEKUM.


Alfred Edward ALLISON was born on 28 May 1883 in Princeton, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Alice Olivia ALLISON was born on 28 Aug 1892 in Princeton, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Aurelia (Amelia?) Angela (Angie) ALLISON22 was born on 26 Feb 1889 in Princeton, B.C. The following vivid description of Bill Miner was taken from a document found in the Miner files at the Princeton and District Museum and Archives. Aurelia was one of the youngest of the 14 offspring of John Falls and Susan Allison. Her married name was McDiarmid.

Unpublished manuscript by Aurelia Angela Allison-McDiarmid, 1978
"We first met Mr. Edwards one cold wintery day. Ambling up the snow drifted road came a large white mule. On his back was the fur clad figure of an old man , or so he seemed, what with the frost clinging to his drooping moustache. Alighting at the door, he came forward, hat in hand, (Stetson) bowing graciously, and said with a distinct southern accent. My name is Edwards, George Edwards, a friend of Mr. Jack Budd, who asked me to call, as I was passing this way." As it was very cold, my mother asked him in for a cup of tea. Accepting gratefully, he chatted with my mother while my sister and I made tea. He spoke of current events and seemed to be well informed and well read. He said he was not staying long, but was returning in the spring to Mexico, where he had rich mines. Among other things, his father owned a large plantation in Georgia, but he had left home at sixteen, acquired a partner, and went prospecting, which he followed the greater part of his life, with rich rewards'----the mines in Mexico, being his latest. As we were quite young, he seemed old to us, judging him to be in his 60's, and of a kindly and courteous disposition. That winter he often stopped in for his cup of tea as he passed our home on the way to town, we also met him at dances and parties given in the private homes, where he seemed to be a welcome guest. Few old timers could say they had not danced with Mr. Edwards.
On one occasion, he asked my mother if he might give Alice and I dancing lessons. Thinking to discourage him without giving undue offence, we explained that we had no music. He at once overcame that difficulty by saying "But I can sing", and he danced with first one, then the other, singing "lightely, tightely, tightelty, tie" to the tune of "Oh where, oh where has my little dog gone" while my mother, a dignified chaperone sat very upright in her chair. It all seemed so ridiculous, it was hard to keep a serious face and the moment Mr. Edwards was gone, we gave way to gales of laughter, but we did learn to waltz! The old gentleman was quite proud of our achievements, and certainly had patience and a kind heart. I can say that the Mr. Edwards that we knew was a perfect gentleman and we really enjoyed his visits." Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Beatrice Jane ALLISON was born on 20 Jan 1872 in Keremeos, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Caroline Elizabeth (Carrie) ALLISON was born on 10 Sep 1878 in Westbank, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Charles ALLISON was born about 1867 in Princeton, B.C. He died in 1913. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Nora YAKUMTEKUM.


Edgar Moir (Ed) ALLISON18 was born on 4 Jul 1868 in Princeton, B.C. (From B.C. Voters List 0f 1898)
Allison, Edgar Moir, Princeton, Farmer, YW
Allison, John B., Armstrong, Teamster, YE
Allison, John S., Fairview, Miner, YE
Allison, Robert Wilfred, Princeton, Farmer, YW

1901 Census
Edgar and Margaret Allison in the Princeton area. He was a farmer and C of England, she was Presbyterian.

The "Princeton" book notes Edgar as being born 4 Jul 1869. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Elfrieda Flora (Frida) ALLISON was born on 26 Aug 1881 in Princeton, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


George Mortimer ALLISON was born on 27 Oct 1879 in Westbank, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Harold Archibald (Harry) ALLISON was born on 24 Dec 1886 in Princeton, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


John Fall ALLISON23,24,25 was born in 1828 in England. In 1891 he was a stockraiser in Princeton, B.C. He died in Nov 1897 in Princeton, B.C.

 

Okanagan Historical Society journal Vol 38, 1974, p93
John Fall Allison was the Princeton district's first settler, trader, and in time, postmaster.

1891 Census
In this Census, a Lily Allison is noted, age 28, born abt. 1863. John must have been married previously as Lily's mother was born in B.C. She is Catholic, and can neither read nor write. (Perhaps her mother was First Nations, as it was common for European settlers to take First Nations wives in those early days.)


From the book "Princeton", p 223
In 1860, John Fall was one of 75 to 100 white miners who wintered over in the Similkameen Valley. In 1862 he took an Indian wife Nora Yakumtekum. Together they had three children; Lily, Bert and Charlie. Nora eventually took the two boys and went back to her people on the Lower Similkameen. Lily was left behind to help John Fall with the chores.
After John married Susan Moir in 1868, Lily stayed on to assist Susan with the household. There we find her in the 1891 Census.

Spouse: Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON. John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON were married on 3 Sep 1868 in Hope, B.C. Children were: Edgar Moir (Ed) ALLISON, Robert Wilfred (Will) ALLISON, Beatrice Jane ALLISON, Susan Louisa (Louisa) ALLISON, Rose Isabella ALLISON, John Stratton (Jack) ALLISON, Caroline Elizabeth (Carrie) ALLISON, George Mortimer ALLISON, Elfrieda Flora (Frida) ALLISON, Alfred Edward ALLISON, Valerie Helen Grace (Grace) ALLISON, Harold Archibald (Harry) ALLISON, Aurelia (Amelia?) Angela (Angie) ALLISON, Alice Olivia ALLISON.

Spouse: Nora YAKUMTEKUM. John Fall ALLISON and Nora YAKUMTEKUM were married about 1862 in Princeton, B.C. Children were: Lily ALLISON, Albert ALLISON, Charles ALLISON.


John Stratton (Jack) ALLISON was born on 4 Jun 1877 in Westbank, B.C.

(From B.C. Voters List 0f 1898)
Allison, John S., Fairview, Miner, YE
Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Lily ALLISON26 was born about 1863 in Princeton, B.C. She died about 1945. From the book "Princeton", p 223, 224.
For many years there was considerable controversy as to whether Lily was John Falls’ daughter. When she eventually married John Norman in Penticton, the announcement showed her surname as Thomas. (Time heals all wounds, and today it is accepted that Lily was in fact John Falls’ daughter through Nora Yakumtekum.)

Lily and John had five children; 4 daughters and one son. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Nora YAKUMTEKUM.


Robert Wilfred (Will) ALLISON was born on 30 Jan 1871 in Hope, B.C. (From B.C. Voters List 0f 1898)
Allison, Edgar Moir, Princeton, Farmer, YW
Allison, John B., Armstrong, Teamster, YE
Allison, John S., Fairview, Miner, YE
Allison, Robert Wilfred, Princeton, Farmer, YW

Robert Allison appears in the 1901 Census as a neighbour of Albert Oelrich. He is farming north of Princeton on Otter Creek with his 25 year old wife Rachel, and his four sons.
Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Rose Isabella ALLISON was born on 30 Aug 1875 in Westbank, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON18,23,24,27,28,29,30 was born on 18 Aug 1845 in Columbo, Ceylon. She was Church of Scotland in Apr 1901 in Princeton, B.C. In May 1906 she was a rancher in Princeton, B.C. She died on 1 Feb 1937 in Vancouver, B.C. She was living 1868 to 1928 in the Princeton and Westbankareas of B.C. Susan (Moir) Allison was one of the original pioneers in the Princeton area. Together with her husband, John Fall Allison, they ranched in the Similkameen Valley close to the present townsite of Princeton. Susan Allison had 14 children and after her husband's death in 1897, she looked after the farm and store and mining interests on behalf of the family. A well educated woman, she wrote down many of her memories of those early days, which included Indian legends and myths. Some of her writings appeared in the Similkameen Star, the Okanagan Historical Society's journal and the Vancouver Daily Province. A comprehensive review of her life in given by Margaret Ormsby, the well known B.C. historian, in her introduction to the book "A Pioneer Gentlewoman in British Columbia. The Recollections of Susan Allison". These recollections were edited by Ormsby in 1976.

(From B.C. Voters List 0f 1898)
Allison, Edgar Moir, Princeton, Farmer, YW
Allison, John B., Armstrong, Teamster, YE
Allison, John S., Fairview, Miner, YE
Allison, Robert Wilfred, Princeton, Farmer, YW
(John Fall Allison had passed away in 1897. Some of those noted in the Voter's List are his sons.)

The Princeton and District Museum and Archives (P&DM&A) advised that Mrs. Allison was married to a Joseph Falls Allison. However, he appears neither in the 1898 Voter's list nor in the 1904 or 1905 B.C. Directories. It was subsequently learned in the 38th Okanagan Historical Society journal of 1974, that Susan's husband had died in the fall of 1897. One of Susan's daughter's, Grace, would marry HH (Bert ) Thomas, who had met Jack Budd at the Douglas Lake Ranch in 1891..

By the Census of 1891, Susan would have had 13 children by John. The oldest at home at that time was the 28 year old Lily. Lily doesn't seem to fit with the rest of the family, as her mother was born in B.C., and her religion was Catholic.

In the 1901 Census, Susan has eight children still living with her; George, Louisa, Carrie, Alfred, Grace, Harold, Angela and Alice. Lily doesn't appear. It appears that her oldest children assisted with the ranching and farming activities at this time as they are noted as farmers, the others are students.

Shorty Dunn apparently worked for Mrs. Allison at her ranch for some time before the Ducks robbery. Const. Hunter, in his report, notes that Dunn worked for her off and on during the spring of 1906, and also did some trapping with a man named Tilton. (Spelling is indecipherable.)

Apparently in 1904, Dunn "ranched on shares from Mrs. Allison, but threw it up".
Mrs. Allison headed a petition with Reverend Hardwick to parole Shorty Dunn before WWI.

Victoria Daily Colonist, Sunday Dec 16, 1923, p10.
(This article, the first of 3 on Dunn, gives considerable background to his character and life. A Colonist reporter was allowed to read through a pile of letters written by Dunn to a friend. Although the friend was never identified, it was probably George E. Winkler of Victoria.)
In an interview with the reporter, Winkler gave some background on Dunn.
"Mrs. S. M. Allison, sister-in-law of ex-Governor Dewdney and the first white woman in the Similkameen Valley, resided at Princeton when I was there. This white-haired old lady was a motherly soul, and besides raising a large family of her own, she had a heart big enough for the folks around there who had no homes of their own. She used to invite us to a dance at her place each Friday night, and it was at one of these affairs that I first met Shorty Dunn. He was working for Mrs. Allison at the time, and the night I first saw him he recited (poetry)! I got to know him pretty well after that."

(In Shorty Dunn's letters to the unidentified letter recipient (probably George Winkler), Dunn asked that money he owed be paid to Mrs. Allison. This goes some ways to reveal that Winkler was the recipient of the letters, and it was he who had given them to the Colonist for their articles.)
The reporter's source, undoubtedly George Winkler, relates how depressed Dunn became, even when offers of assistance came in to him. A third party, probably Mrs. Allison, offered to help him out monetarily.
He wrote, "If she has more money than she knows what to do with, and she still wants to help me, let her pay an honest debt that I owe to Schubert and Thomas. That would please me, as I want to get those men off my conscience. Then forget me. I have the knife of B.C. justice sticking in my ribs."

Mrs. Allison, and other friends of Dunn in the Similkameen, were eventually rewarded for their efforts by seeing Dunn paroled in 1915.

From the Victoria Daily Colonist, Sunday Dec 16, 1923, p10
Those who, by their actions, showed their faith in Shorty's inherent good character were the Rev. E. E. Hardwick formerly of Victoria, Mr. George E. Winkler formerly of Princeton and then of Victoria, Mr. W. Knight and Mrs. S. M. Allison of Princeton and Archie McKinley of Lac La Hache.

In the 23 Dec 1923 article in the Colonist on the letters of Shorty Dunn, Winkler recounts the following thoughts.
"The motherly faith of Mrs. Allison of Princeton, had a lot to do with the continuance of the efforts for parole in the face of refusals. She never lost her faith in "Shorty's" ability to make good if given another chance. Dunn was not a man to fail his friends , and when they guaranteed his good conduct he didn't let them down."

Spouse: John Fall ALLISON. John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON were married on 3 Sep 1868 in Hope, B.C. Children were: Edgar Moir (Ed) ALLISON, Robert Wilfred (Will) ALLISON, Beatrice Jane ALLISON, Susan Louisa (Louisa) ALLISON, Rose Isabella ALLISON, John Stratton (Jack) ALLISON, Caroline Elizabeth (Carrie) ALLISON, George Mortimer ALLISON, Elfrieda Flora (Frida) ALLISON, Alfred Edward ALLISON, Valerie Helen Grace (Grace) ALLISON, Harold Archibald (Harry) ALLISON, Aurelia (Amelia?) Angela (Angie) ALLISON, Alice Olivia ALLISON.


Susan Louisa (Louisa) ALLISON was born on 22 Jan 1874 in Westbank, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.


Valerie Helen Grace (Grace) ALLISON was born on 17 Nov 1884 in Princeton, B.C. She died on 6 May 1969 in Princeton, B.C. Parents: John Fall ALLISON and Mrs. Susan Louisa ALLISON.

Spouse: Herbert Heald (Bert) THOMAS. Herbert Heald (Bert) THOMAS and Valerie Helen Grace (Grace) ALLISON were married on 27 Oct 1902 in Vancouver, B.C.


ANDERSON CREEK.31 1904 Henderson's Directory:
Anderson Creek
(Post Office Kamloops)
A ranching settlement in the Yale district. Kamloops distance 12 miles.  Today the site of the now non-existent Anderson Creek School is on the property of the Haughton Ranch a few miles south of Kamloops.


ARMSTRONG ADVANCE. The Armstrong Advance provided some information on the Tiltons and McKays, and a local slant to the Ducks robbery. Original copies are available in the Armstrong-Spallumcheen Museum and Archives.


ARMSTRONG-SPALLUMCHEEN.32,33,34,35 From the 1905 Edition of Henderson's Gazetteer and Directory for B.C.
Armstrong
See also Spallumcheen. A station and money order post office on the Shuswap and Okanagan branches of the C.P.R. 32 miles from Sicamous Junction. Vernon - 14 miles.
Has telegraph office. It is the centre of a rich agricultural district and has a 100 bbl cooperative grower processed flour mill. Sawmill. Methodist, Presbyterian and Anglican churches.
Pop. 1901 - 200.
Pop. 1902 - 250.
Pop. 1904 - 300.
Pop. 1905 - 400

Bill Miner, in 1904, spent time in the Armstrong Spallumcheen area helping various farmers with haying etc. The Tiltons and the McKays were in Armstrong in 1903, and their memories of Miner were vivid. By 1905-06, both families had moved to the Rose Hill area of Kamloops, and hosted Bill Miner in their houses on his frequent visits to Kamloops.

The Armstrong Advance of 25 May 1906 editorialized about the time Miner spent in the area. He was noted as being well known in the area and had been employed as a farm labourer in the past. He was particularly well liked by those ranchers and farmers who had families as Miner would play with the young children for hours. He would show them his pistols, and "explain all the fine points to the little ones." It was difficult for those who knew him to believe that he was a notorious and wanted train robber and now on trial in Kamloops.

Other sources mention that Miner helped Mrs. Angus McKay wall paper her house in Armstrong, and the Tilton family, who also lived in the Armstrong area, mention that one of the Tiltons, probably Bob, and Bill Miner originally travelled into the area from Phoenix, B.C.

In the Armstrong Museum Miner File notes, it states that one reason Miner may have come up to Canada was to traffic opium to all the Chinese who were supposedly working at the D.R. Young British Empire Mine. The notes go on to speculate that along with Jake Terry, Miner smuggled opium across the border to places in the interior and also at the coast. Smuggling of Chinese aliens was also rumoured to take place between Jake Terry and Bill Miner.

Enderby Progress, "Town & District Notes," Friday 25 May 1906, p4.
The Reverend D. Campbell of Armstrong knew Louis Colquhoun's parents in Ontario, and commented that they were a respected and hard-working family. He called Louis a "lazy good-for-nothing" who would not stay long at any occupation.

Enderby Progress, "Train Robbers Who's Who," 25 May 1906, p3
Miner is described in this issue of the paper as working at haying in the Knob Hill area near Armstrong during the summer of 1905. Several residents of Armstrong recognized Mary Spencer's photos of Miner that appeared in the Vancouver Province. He had apparently left the Armstrong area with a couple of companions for the Similkameen country. This party could very well have included Bob Tilton.


Tom ARNOLD.  He was a relatively little known figure, probably involved with both the Ducks and Mission robberies. However, police and C.P.R. files point towards involvement with his fellow Americans Miner, Dunn and Budd.  Information and sources pertinent to this individual are only available in the password protected section of this website. The password is located at the rear of the book, "Interred With Their Bones. Bill Miner in Canada. 1903 to 1907," by Peter Grauer.


ASHCROFT.44,45,46

From the 1905 Henderson's Gazetteer and Directory for B.C.
An important town on the mainline of the C.P.R. 203 miles east of Vancouver in Yale District. Mails daily. Money order and savings bank, post office, telegraph, Dominion and B.C. Express offices. It is the forwarding point to Cariboo mines. Stage leaves for Cariboo twice a week in summer, once weekly in winter. Ashcroft is customs out-port of New Westminster and has Anglican, Methodist and Presbyterian churches. Also weekly newspaper. The waterworks system gives supply for domestic use, fire protection and irrigation of the flats surrounding the country, besides driving electric light and power plant. Has branch Bank of British North America. The Ashcroft Water, Electric and Improvement Company works comprise a 75 kw dynamo three phase alternating system driven by double turbine wheels with 43 foot head on the Bonaparte River 4 miles from Ashcroft. The waterworks supply comes from 2 tanks having a capacity of 100,000 gallons. To these at 250 feet of height, supply is pumped by electricity. Pressure 100 lbs. Company also irrigates a part of the valley operating a 600 hp pump for that purpose. Town hall seats 200. Government telegraph line to Cariboo and Dawson, 1712 miles. Connects with C.P.R. telegraph company and operated by same.
Population - 1904 - 1900

Joseph W. Burr was the Chief Constable working out of Ashcroft during the period 1905 to 1908. He was responsible for a number of Provincial Police constables throughout the area, as the following letter attests:

GR0055
Box 39, File 5
Burr in Ashcroft to Hussey. 10 April 1908
(Encloses monthly reports of the following Constables in his district:)
Const. JW Mullen, Clinton
Const Walter Clark, Merritt
Const. JW Graham, Nicola
Const. AC Minty, Spence's Bridge.
Const. Ego, Lillooet
Const. McGillivray, Lytton
Const. Burr in Ashcroft.

Bill Miner apparently spent some time in Ashcroft shortly before the Mission holdup in 1904. A number of different sources state that he played poker and pool to pass the time while he observed the comings and goings of the BX stage coach from the Cariboo. He was to pay particular attention to the one that carried the gold from the Bullion hydraulic mine.

Victoria Daily Colonist (VicDlyClnst), 4 and 11 Nov 1962, Cecil Clark articles.
In the November 11th article, Cecil Clark gives considerable detail on the Ashcroft stories. Unfortunately much of Clark's work is suspect, and cannot be taken as a good source unless confirmed from other works. None of his facts in any of his articles are sourced, but the writer has seen some of the Ashcroft ones confirmed by other writers. The following is a summary of Clark's comments about Miner in Ashcroft in 1904.
Clark states that Miner came to Ashcroft in the first week of September, before the Mission robbery of 10 Sept 1906. It was a Saturday afternoon and he apparently visited the B.C. (BX?) Express office to inquire about the Barkerville stage schedules. The next day, Sunday, he slipped in the side door of one of the bars in Ashcroft. They were supposed to be closed on Sundays, but those in the know could always find a drink and good company on the Sabbath.
In one of those back rooms Miner got into a five-handed draw poker game and lost $200 to Willis J. West, one of the managers of the operations of BX Express stage line. West was to recognize his card playing buddy as Miner when he saw the Mary Spencer photos of the robbers appear in the Province in May of 1906.
The significance of Miner's interest in the stage coach arrivals in Ashcroft is that the gold production from the Bullion Mine in the Cariboo was transported by stage to Ashcroft, then loaded onto the C.P.R. express car at the station.
Miner checked the schedules over the next few days, and determined that the best day to hold up the C.P.R. was on the 10th of that month, when the next stage came into Ashcroft. Unfortunately he didn't allow for changes in the hydraulic operation at the Bullion Mine due to low water flows, nor for the fact that the Bullion stage route was only a branch of the BX's main stage line. It's next stage would not be for another week. So Miner's potential haul on the Mission Junction train robbery was decreased to around $7,000 in gold dust and cash.

From W.J. West's "Stagecoach and Sternwheeler Days in the Cariboo and Central B.C.", 1985.
This little book details the activities of the BX Stage Company based out of Ashcroft. Written by a former B.C. Express general manager employed from 1903 onwards, it comments on the story about Miner in Ashcroft scouting out gold shipments from the Bullion Mine. The writer, Willis J. West, originally published the article in the B.C. Historical Quarterly, and publishing information notes that Willis died in 1955. While it does not make mention of the source for the anecdotes, it confirms other non-documented sources such as Cecil Clark writing in 1962. When or where the original story came from is unknown at this time. This story by West pre-dates Clark's article, as West must have written it before 1955. West would have been a contemporary source, and could have been commenting on his own experience, as he was general manager of the BX Co at the time Miner was supposedly in Ashcroft.

The BX Co. mail stages carried gold bullion as well as mail, express and passengers. The company's record of safe deliveries was almost spotless due to the way law and order was maintained in B.C. by the B.C. Provincial Police at that time, and also the relative isolation of the interior from easy escape routes to the US and the Coast.
In early September 1904 Bill Miner came to Ashcroft, allegedly to scout out the possibilities of relieving the BX Co. of a gold shipment. He made inquiries at the BX offices as a dry-ground placer miner about transportation to Barkerville, and received folders detailing times, arrivals and departures. He ingratiated himself with the BX agent in Ashcroft and gradually extracted information about the bullion shipments.
A Pinkerton Detective Agency wanted poster was on the wall behind the agent, noting that a reward of $2,500 would be paid for the apprehension of Bill Miner, dead or alive.
"The poster displayed a picture of a tough-looking westerner with long hair, dressed in a rough shirt, overalls, and high boots. No one would have associated this picture of the wanted criminal with the neat-looking dry-ground miner who was so industrially acquiring knowledge of travelling conditions in the Cariboo".
Ashcroft was a typical frontier town in those days. It had three saloons and they stayed open even on Sundays. True ton form, and after leaving the BX offices, Miner got involved in a poker game in one of the saloons and managed to drop two hundred dollars. Two years later one of the poker players was in Kamloops
at the time of the Ducks robbery trial and recognized Miner as being the poker player he had sat opposite to in Ashcroft two years previously.
On September 7th Miner got word that the Bullion hydraulic mine would be sending out it's end of season shipment via the next stage. The main line stage arrived from Barkerville as usual on Friday night September 9th, and Miner robbed the C.P.R. at west of Mission Junction on the night of September 10th. He got $6,000 in gold for his efforts; the total that had been on the stage to Ashcroft on Friday the 9th.
Miner obviously did not study the BX timetable closely enough. If he had, he would have realized that when word was received that the Bullion shipment would be down on the next stage, that stage would not have arrived in Ashcroft until the following Tuesday. This was due to the fact that only one trip a week came down from the branch line at Bullion. If Miner had paid more attention, he would have been able to get his hands on $60,000 worth of gold from the Bullion Mine alone.
The stage when it arrived in Ashcroft that Tuesday with the Bullion gold aboard was also loaded down with Miners making their way out at the end of the season. The BX Company, learning of the Mission robbery, had armed all the miners with rifles, shotguns pistols, holsters and cartridge belts. It took the BX agent considerable time and care to gather up all the firearms, secure them, and send them back by the next stage to the Bullion Mine.

From the Inland Sentinel 5 Feb 1904. Advertisement.
British Columbia Express Company
Head Office - Ashcroft, B.C.
Clinton and way points - Mon, Wed and Friday.
All points in Cariboo - Monday.
150 Mile House - Monday and Friday.
(Semi-weekly Service)
Lillooet - Monday and Friday

Also see for Ashcroft ( http://www.goldcountry.bc.ca/hist/ashhist.htm)


ASHCROFT JOURNAL. Ashcroft Journal Newspaper
B.C. Archives
Microfilm reel
(Transcribed from tape done at B.C. Archives Nov 2005.)
The Ashcroft Journal newspaper was reviewed for news of the train robbery in May and June 1906, and nothing relevant was found.
However, I did find a couple of little interesting pieces pertinent to our story that are attached below-

Ashcroft Journal
27 Aug 1904, p1
.
P1
Bullion
Splendid progress is being made at the big tunnel now underway at the Consolidated Cariboo Mine “Bullion”. The tunnel was commenced at the river side of the rim and is now in over 500 feet and everything is going on nicely. Present weather conditions prevailing, we understand hydraulicing can only be continued another week or perhaps two weeks. Apparently the season in The Forks-Quesnel mining division has been as dry almost as in this neighbourhood. There can be no doubt now that it is an absolute necessity for the Consolidated Cariboo Company to make the outlay required to tap a further water supply. A short time ago we had a conversation with a gentleman who has had a good deal of experience with mines and mining men but who is not a miner and expresses his opinion very forcefully that this great property has proven beyond doubt that it will pay for a much heavier expenditure than has been made to bring on water enough to permit continuous piping, no matter how dry the season is. He knows the Bullion Mine from personal examination and says it is a great pity that necessary expenditures were not made long ago. We venture the opinion that if the directors of the mine, all of them, visit Bullion they would in a very few hours sanction the immediate expenditure of capital enough to give the mine the water supply it needs.

10 Sept 1904
P1
Consolidated Cariboo
Hydraulic Mining Company Has Ceased Operations For The Year.
Cleanup Is Expected Down Next Week
Some figures in reference to this great property which has produced over a million dollars, half of which was saved during development work. Piping is at an end at the Consolidated Cariboo Hydraulic Mine “Bullion: for this season, and numbers of men have left to be followed shortly by all those connected with the piping operations.
(Goes on to give more detail on the clean up operation.)
The first clean up of $63,000 is proof enough of the conditions of the mine. A long dry spell prevalent all over the province has affected seriously the water supply at Bullion and made another short mining season.

17 Sept 1904
(Talks about the train robbery at Mission.)
Most is the standard fare until it gets to the spot where the robbers were checking through the way bills.
“Relieving him (the messenger) of his gun, the robbers ordered him to produce way bills. When they came to the Ashcroft bill, and read the amount, $6,000 in gold, they intimated it was what they were after and ordered the messenger hand it out. About $1,000,000 in bank notes was also secured when the robbers turned their attention to the mail car and carried off the registered mail. The gold stolen was shipped by the Bank of British North America here to Seattle and Vancouver.”
(Skipped)
The air is full of rumours as to the identity of the robbers. One rumour is to the effect that they were men who were working at Bullion and that it was the late clean up they were after. This rumour is thought here not to have much to give it value for it is correctly argued that the men who left the Bullion Mine were well acquainted with this fact that the clean up would not come down until last Tuesday. The general accepted opinion is that robbery was committed by some of Uncle Sam's bad boys. Anyway, whoever the culprits are they are the first to exploit Canada in the industry of train robbery.

(Checked the Ashcroft Journal August 1907 for any news of Miner's escape and there is none.)


ASPEN GROVE.31 Aspen Grove
Aspen Grove in 1904 to 1906 was in the heart of a very active mining district called the Aspen Grove Camp. Prospecting was underway for coal and minerals such as copper and gold.

1904 Henderson's Directory:
Aspen Grove
A Post Office 35 miles north of Granite Creek and 25 miles south of Nicola.
Postmaster. W.A. Dodds.

Dodd's store no longer exists, however the concrete base that supported the sign in front of the store is still there. The writer remembers it was still operating in the 1960s.

An advertisement in the Kamloops Inland Sentinel of 27 Nov 1903 notes that Clark and Stewart were the owners of the Nicola and Princeton Express and Stage Lines. This stage line left Kamloops for Nicola lake Mondays at 6:00 a.m. The same line left Spence’s Bridge every Thursday at 6:00 a.m. for Nicola, Aspen Grove, Otter Lake, Granite Creek and Princeton. The owners also noted that special rigs could be furnished to their customers at any time "for all points in the Similkameen by wire to Spence’s Bridge."


In 1909 M.P. AB AYLESWORTH Minister of Justice47 was a Liberal government Minister of Justice in Ottawa, ON. He took part in the House of Commons debates on the escape of Miner.  Minister of Justice A.B. Aylesworth was put on the hot seat by the opposition Conservatives over the escape of Miner from the B.C. Pen when the penitentiary's operating budget came up for review in the spring of 1909. Despite his hearing handicap, he would more than hold his own against M.P. Taylor from New Westminster.


George BARNES43,48 was living about 4 May 1906 in Campbell Creek, B.C

 

1898 Voter’s List (VL) -
Barnes, George, Campbell Creek, Farmer, YN

1904 Directory-
Barnes, George. Farmer.

Spouse: Mrs. BARNES. George BARNES and Mrs. BARNES were married.


Mrs. BARNES5 had Edwards and Dunn request milk from her.  She was living in May 1906 in Campbell Creek, B.C. She provided a witness statement to C.P.R. Detective McLeod.  She was the wife of George Barnes.  About the 4th of May 1906, Mrs. Barnes had two men pass the house and one of them stopped and asked her for milk. She told him she had none, but advised that Mrs. Buse in the next house would probably be able to provide some. Later, when interviewed by C.P.R. Detective Wm. McLeod, and seeing the photos, advised that the one that did all the talking was Edwards, and Dunn was the other.


Francis BASIL was part of the Ducks robbery investigation.  He was living in May 1906 on the Kamloops Indian Reserve.  Francis Basil was described by the Vancouver. World of 11 May 1906 as an Indian from the Kamloops area. He came riding into town on the evening of Thursday the 11th shouting that the train robbers were coming down the river in a boat. He rode up to the Kamloops City Hall, then shared by the municipality with the provincial government during the day. Council was in session that evening and he called out for the provincial constable. The City Clerk replied to his calls, and Basil informed him that two men, about two miles east of town, had been seen by Indians coming down the C.P.R. tracks from the east, and upon seeing that they were being observed, ran down the bank of the river and climbed into a rowboat tied up on the shore. Basil rode into town for the constable. The "World correspondent", probably a reporter from the Kamloops Standard or Sentinel, went up the south bank of the river for a mile or so to the bridge that crossed from Kamloops to the reserve, and found one Indian in a boat. While the reporter was on the bridge he heard three rifle shots fired by an Indian concealed in the bushes about half a mile up river from his location. This rifleman claimed he had spotted three men and a boy in a boat, and they would not answer his calls. Instead they hastily pulled into the opposite shore. The Indian then commenced firing.

The Indian with the rifle was probably on the reserve side of the S. Thompson, and the men and boy in the rowboat pulled onto the south bank of the river. Other sources reveal that they were merely men out fishing on the river. The rewards offered for the capture of the bandits had many in the district eager to claim the rewards for themselves.


In May 1905 Owen Salisbury BATCHELOR43,49 was a mining engineer in Kamloops, B.C.  He drove C.P.R. Detective Bullick out to the McLeod Ranch on Nicola Road.

 

From the book "Cattle Ranch" by Nina Wooliams, p82
"In April 1900, after 15 years ownership, Owen S Batchelor sold his 1200 acre ranch north of Fish Lake to the Douglas Lake Cattle Company. This land became the most northerly part of Douglas Lake. Batchelor's wife Julia Bradley had been Grande Prairie's first teacher, among whose first pupils had been J.B. Greaves' sons Joseph and Peter. The Batchelor's remained in Kamloops the rest of their lives, ...."

Batchelor accompanied C.P.R. Special Service Detective Bullick out to the McLeod Ranch on 18 May 1906. Batchelor probably acted as a guide, and supplied the team and buggy for Bullick's transportation. (Bullick, R.E. C.P.R. Special Service Detective, "Witness Statements of Brothers Evander and William McLeod, A Duck, McKay, etc." (Report to C.P.R. Sup't Kilpatrick, Revelstoke, B.C., 18 May 1906)

1898 B.C. Voter's List -
Batchelor, Owen Salisbury, Douglas Lake, Farmer, YN
Batchelor, Walter Henry, Fish Lake, Farmer, YN

GR0055
Box 37, File 4.
Letter to Hussey from OS Batchelor, 20 Sept 1906
(Batchelor feels he should receive some of the reward for the capture of the train robbers. He said he was out all the time and it was chiefly owing to his knowledge of the trails that the Mounted Police were dispatched to the Douglas Lake Commonage.)

Batchelor's Meadows, which is located east of the Douglas Lake Ranch and is mentioned often with regards to the Ducks robbers, was named after Owen Batchelor who had settled there.


In May 1906 Richard BAYNTUN43,50 was a barber in Kamloops, B.C.

KM&A brochure. Bayntun, a barber and a future alderman of Kamloops, shaved Miner in his shop in Kamloops prior to the Ducks hold up.

B.C. Directory
Bayntun, Richard, Kamloops, Lorne St, Barber, YN


B.C. PENITENTIARY GUARDS. At least a partial list of the guards and instructors on active duty during the time Miner escaped and the hunt for him and his three companions is available from the B.C. Penitentiary Escape Inquiry Files and the Correspondence File of George Edwards of the Anthony Martin Collection.

These prison employees extended great efforts in trying to apprehend the escaped convicts in the first few days after the break out. However, the press was quick to criticize them as being conspicuous in their uniforms, and that if any escapees had been in their area, the uniforms would soon have driven them to cover.

A photo has been obtained from the Anthony Martin Collection dated July 1914, seven years after the escape. Some of the Guards at that time were with the penitentiary at the time of the escape.

August 1907 Penitentiary Personnel.
D.D. Bourke, Acting Warden, and regularly Deputy Warden (see his personal notes)
McNeil, Guard (see his personal notes)
Doyle, James, Instructor (see his personal notes) (Group photo)

Stewart, F. Acting Deputy Warden (Hospital Overseer in Dec 1907) (Group Photo)
Carrol, W. H. Hosptital Overseer. (Deputy Warden in Dec 1907.)

W. A. DeWolf Smith was the prison doctor.
Rev. Albert Edward Vert was the prison Chaplain.
Walsh, Guard (Keeper in Dec 1907)

Devine, Guard
Sampson, T. (?) Guard
McLure, Guard
Patchell, W.A., Keeper (Group Photo)

MacKenzie, George, D.C.(?), Instructor (T.J.?) (Group Photo)

Smyth , Guard
Disney, C.T., (C.T.F.?) (C.T.J.?) Instructor
Coutts, A., Instructor
Imlah, John, Instructor (T.J.?) (Group Photo)

Atkins, Guard (G. Atkinson? Group Photo)

Henderson, Guard
Stewart, F., Keeper (Group Photo)

Cameron, Guard
Tweddell(?), R.E., Guard
Dynes (?), Instructor


Superintendent Harry Exeter BEASLEY was born about 1863. In 1904 he was a railway official in Vancouver, B.C. 1 Beasley lived at the corner of Barclay and Bute Streets in Vancouver and was with the C.P.R.1 He died on 20 Jun 1943 in Victoria, B.C. at age 80. He was part of the Mission robbery investigation.  In the Vancouver Prov of 12 Sep 1904, Beasley is noted as leaving Vancouver after 2:00 am (2:45, New Westminster Columbian 12 Sep 04) on Sunday the 11th on a special train to make a "thorough investigation" on the spot at the robbery location. He was accompanied by Inspector McLeod of the C.P.R. police, Chief North of the (Vancouver?) city police and Chief Campbell of the B.C. Provincial Police. "Other officers in the party were Detective Scott, City Officers Hartney and Deptford, Provincial Officers Monroe and Smithy and others". They were also accompanied by a Province reporter.
The New Westminster Columbian of 12 Sep mentions that some of the train crew also accompanied the party to the robbery site.

C.P.R. Sup't Beasley and a J. D. Townley responded quickly to the news of the Mission robbery, and acted in the absence of Gen. Sup't Marpole. When the train and crew arrived at the station in Vancouver, Beasley summoned the crew into his office and questioned them about the robbery and the description of the robbers. In the office with him, other C.P.R. officials and police, and the crew were Dominion Express Sup't Stewart, Sup't of railway mail services J. O. McLeod and F. E. Harrison, assistant postmaster. (New Westminster Columbian, 12 Sep 04)

Beasley attended an important meeting of C.P.R. officials soon after the Mission Junction robbery. In the Daily Columbian of New Westminster for 20 Sep 1904, Lord Shaughnessy gave a brief comment on the Mission robbery, (p1) and on page 3 there was a lengthy column on a meeting of C.P.R. officials in Vancouver.
Shaughnessy arrived in Vancouver Sunday (18th) evening with his two private cars; the "Cornwall" and the "York". In these cars with Shaughnessy were Sir George Drummond, VP of the Bank of Montreal and a director of the C.P.R.; R. B Angus and E. B. Osler of Toronto and C. R. Hosmer of Montreal. William Whyte, then 2nd VP of the C.P.R., arrived in his car the "Manitoba" from Winnipeg. With him was the C.P.R.'s chief engineer Mr. Tye.
Western divisional general superintendent R. M. Marpole's private car #10 was occupied by Marpole, Superintendent H. E. Beasley, engineers Cambie and Webster, and Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Henshaw.

Shaughnessy and his party left later that afternoon on a steamer for Victoria.


In 1906 "Slim" Samuel (Jim) BENYON51,52,53

Not much is known about Benyon.

In the Vancouver Daily News Advertiser (VDNA) of 16 May 1906, Benyon was sent by the Mounted Police to Quilchena to procure surgical aid, after the wounding of Dunn in the gunfight.

18Jun06, Vancouver Archives (VanArch)
B.C. Provincial Police Const. Pearse, in his report to Sup't Hussey in June of 1906, states that Benyon's first name was Samuel, and that he was the guide for the R.N.W.M.P. troop. He goes on to state that "Samuel Benyon acted as a guide to the R.N.W.M. Police in conducting the police from Kamloops to the scene of the arrest. Mr. Benyon was employed by the Provincial Government as a guide for the police and was paid for his services as such by the provincial government."

Benyon appears in the R.N.W.M.P. group photo.


Annie BERGER. The Revelstoke Museum and Archives advises that Annie, the wife of the Ducks engineer Joseph Callin, was the sole survivor of the occupants of the C.P.R. station house in Rogers Pass when it was hit by an avalanche in January of 1899.

Spouse: Engineer Joseph Edward CALLIN. Engineer Joseph Edward CALLIN and Annie BERGER were married on 5 Feb 1903 in Revelstoke, B.C.


BERTILLON SIGNALETIC SYSTEM. The first scientific method of criminal identification, it was developed by the French criminologist Alphonse Bertillon (1853-1914). The system, based on the classification of skeletal and other body measurements and characteristics, was officially adopted in France in 1888 and soon after in other countries. Fingerprinting, added later as a supplementary measure, has largely replaced the system.
The detailed descriptions of Miner in the various reward posters of the Pinkertons and others were based on the Bertillon system.
The system is still used today.

The following is from http://www.cpc.gc.ca/research/LPB_e.htm)
Computerized Bertillon Signaletic System

A computerized Bertillon Signaletic System makes it possible to digitize a suspect’s fingerprints and photograph. This information is then sent electronically to the databank in Ottawa. The system facilitates and accelerates the work of investigators, including the examination of a print taken at a scene.
Only 8.6% of the police services in Canada have a computerized Bertillon Signaletic System; 21.5% of the services in Quebec use it, which is by far the highest percentage, and 78 % do not plan to acquire it within two years.
A parallel study on technologies used by criminal identification sections in Canada was conducted in December 1999. Results are available on the Internet at: http://www.cpc.gc.ca/ident.


Mrs. BICE1,54 was living in 1906 in Upper Campbell Creek.  She was a witness to the events leading up to the Ducks robbery. The three suspected train robbers visited Mrs. Bice at her house (2.5 miles in a straight line from the robbery) for milk on one of the days before the robbery.

In Deputy Attorney General McLean's closing argument notes, he quotes Mrs. Bice as testifying to seeing the three men walking by her place in the middle of the week, probably the 3rd or 4th of May. She mentions that the old man spoke pleasantly to her. Deputy Attorney General McLean notes that Mrs. Bice was not taken to the Gaol to identify the men, and also mentions that she was religious. This may have precluded her, for some reason or another, to testifying at the trial.

Spouse: Samuel BICE.


In May 1906 Samuel BICE1,55 was a farmer. He was living in May 1906 in Upper Campbell Creek, B.C. He was interviewed by Thiel Operator #30. 

 

In the 1906 Voter's List, a Samuel Bice was living at Campbell Creek and was a farm hand. Other information states he was a rancher.

In the Attorney General's Crown Prosecutor files found in the B.C. Archives (GR-0419, Box #117, File # 19096/88) a report to the C.P.R. Detective McLaws from W.S. Seavey of the Thiel Detective Agency was found. It details an investigation carried out by "Operative #30" after the Ducks Robbery. It concentrates on the movements and character of Paul Stevens, and other parts of the investigation.
After his interviews with Todd, Pratt and young Knapp near Upper Campbell Creek, the Operative stayed overnight with Sam Bice, who had a ranch about two miles from Todd and Pratt.
Sam Bice told the Operative that Paul Stevens had "a very unsavory reputation all through that section, and that it would not surprise him to learn that Paul was connected with the hold-up."


BLACKBURN56 (First name unknown) had a ranch at which the R.N.W.M.P. arrived on their first night out of Kamloops. The R.N.W.M.P. members arrived at Blackburn's ranch, about 20 miles from Kamloops, at 12:40 am in the early morning of May 13th. They tried to obtain at least one fresh horse here, but were unsuccessful.

Blackburn does not appear on the 1898 B.C. Voters List, but 2 Blackbournes appear in Grande Prairie.

The B.C. Directories for 1904 and 1905 also do not show a Blackburn in the Nicola Valley area.

In the Nicola Valley Historical Quarterly for January 1991, (Vol. 10-No.1), p4, in an article on the Quilchena Hotel, it states that the first Quilchena Hotel was built in the early 1880s by Joseph Blackbourne who later sold it to Edward O'Rourke. O'Rourke sold it several years later to Joseph Guichon. Is this the same Blackbourne? The spellings seem to be interchangeable for this surname.


Richard BLAIR57 was involved in the hunt for the Ducks robbers.  He drove investigators Foy, Calhoun and Carter to Camps #1 and 2.  A report dated 19 May 1906, sent by the initials "L. C." to an unknown source, presumably B.C. Provincial Police Sup't Hussey, gives a detailed description of the items found at Camps 1 and 2 of the Ducks robbers. "LC" was accompanied on the site investigation by a driver Richard Blair, C.P.R. Special Service Detective W. F. Foy and F. E. Carter, one of the posse members from the beginning.

Blair also spent considerable time supplying the posses by wagon into the Campbell Range area during the B.C. Provincial Police pursuit.

 

It appears that the same Blair, when interviewed for suitability for jury duty, was rejected due to sympathy for the robbers.


Ducks BLOODHOUNDS. Vancouver World, 11 May 06, p1.
Chief Const Pearse requested bloodhounds to be sent to Kamloops from Nelson. B.C.P.P. Const. Young with his hounds were supposed to be on their way this date, and expected to arrive on the morning of the 12th.

Victoria Daily Colonist 18 May 06, p1
After the Ducks robbery, the C.P.R. brought in bloodhounds and their handlers from Spokane. The owner of the dogs was Harry Draper, and his assistant was Thomas Hopper. The C.P.R.’s Marpole, in his editorial printed throughout B.C., called for bloodhounds to be kept in strategic points in B.C. to pursue fugitives and robbers, and praised the American handlers of the hounds. Hussey and A. G. Fulton would later decide against keeping bloodhounds for this purpose in Canada, as it was not considered the "Canadian way".

On the evening of May 11th, B.C.P.P. Constable Young left Nelson for Kamloops with his three "thoroughbred" bloodhounds. The Vancouver Daily News Advertiser states that he had received instructions from the provincial government to assist in apprehending the Ducks robbers. Young apparently had considerable experience and success with his hounds, and the paper speculated that they would apprehend the robbers in short order.

In the 13May issue, p1, datelined Nelson B.C., the Vancouver Daily News Advertiser states, "Two bloodhounds from Oregon which lately did excellent service in running down a desperado in that state, arrived here this evening in charge of a United States official, and were shipped at once to Kamloops to join in the hunt for the C.P.R. train robbers."

The following was deleted from the book, "Interred With Their Bones,"

"American bloodhounds and their handler named Taylor coming up from Spokane had a reputation in the Oregon country that had preceded them into Canada. A notorious criminal and escaped convict named Frank Smith who had escaped from the penitentiary at Salem, Oregon, had been chased down and shot by Taylor near New Era, Oregon, just a few days previously. The successful end to the manhunt was attributed to the use of bloodhounds. Bloodhounds were not a regular tool of law enforcement in Western Canada, and their use was considered in some quarters to be inhumane and degrading

The Vancouver World of 12 May 06 states that the bloodhounds from Nelson had been delayed. Expected to arrive on the evening of the 11th, they were now expected to be on the trail by daylight tomorrow.

The Vancouver World of the 14th reported that the bloodhounds from Oregon, "which lately did excellent service in running down Outlaw Smith, arrived at Kamloops Saturday night (12th) and are now on the trail."

The Vancouver World of 14 May 06 comments on the delay in getting the bloodhounds from Nelson to Kamloops. It also notes that Const. Young had been ordered to remove his hounds from government grounds, where he had been maintaining them at his own expense. He then received word to come to Kamloops with his hounds, but as he had followed orders in re-locating his hounds, additional time was necessary to get going.
In the same issue, the World reports that the bloodhounds from Spokane arrived last night (13th) and were taken out to the tracks of the robbers the next morning. (14th)

Vancouver World, 18 May 06.
This paper reports that one Taylor from Spokane, who recently shot the outlaw Smith in Oregon the other day, was at hand in Quilchena with his bloodhounds.
Young meets Pearse and posse with one bloodhound. The others have become lost.

On the 20th June 1906, Hussey sent a letter to the Attorney General, Fulton. In this letter to Fulton, Hussey notes that Constables Young in Nelson and Darraugh of Midway presently own bloodhounds, and they as well as others wish to use them during their duties.
Hussey judges that these animals are completely worthless unless perfectly trained by a thoroughly experienced handler, and then only under the most favourable circumstances may they sometimes do useful work. He adds that there is a strong public opinion existing in Canada against the use of bloodhounds for police work except in the most extreme case. He requests that Fulton instruct him accordingly so he may appraise his constables of the same.
It is interesting to note that Young and Darraugh are from an area of the province with close ties to the US,
Young did show up with his hounds during the pursuit of the Ducks robbers, however they were most ineffectual, getting lost and generally being of no benefit to the trackers.
Hussey notes that Young maintained six bloodhounds, and Darraugh had one or more.


Escape BLOODHOUNDS. New Westminster Columbian? 10 Aug 07, p2
B.C.P.P. Constable Spain was stationed in New Westminster when Miner escaped from the B.C. Pen in August of 1907. He brought the bloodhounds with Handler Nanton (Ganton?) to the escape site late on the evening of the escape on the 8th of August. He, along with Chief Const Campbell, were the first B.C.P.P. presence at the scene, and he continued to search for the convicts for many days afterwards.

Vancouver World, 9 Aug 07, p1.
This issue states that the bloodhound's owner was a B. Lauton. The other facts reflect those from the Columbian.

In the New Westminster Columbian of 9 Aug 07, it states that Campbell was waiting for just such an occasion as the escape of Miner to put bloodhounds that he had had his eye on for sometime on the trail of the escapees. However, his faith in the hounds was to prove unjustified as after the first two days, the hounds lost the track.

In the Victoria Daily Colonist of 11 Aug 07, it states that the hound was a well bred English hound, and owned by Gradford Ganton of Vancouver. The reporter gave a scathing, tongue in cheek description of the dog's ill-fated attempt to track the convicts.

New Westminster Columbian 9 Aug 07, p1
Bradford Nanton (?), described as a "keeper" by the Columbian, arrived at the pen late in the evening after the escape, around 11:30. Given Miner's scent from his hat band, the hounds tracked the convicts around the brickyard, through the hole under the fence, sniffed the latch on a door Miner had tried before locating the ladder, and eventually sat down and whined where the ladder had been leaned up by the escapees against the outer fence. The hounds were then taken out to the deep ravine alongside the fence and led the searchers north up the ravine. By this time it was too dark to be stumbling about in the heavy brush, and the hounds were called off until daylight the next day.
At 5:00 o'clock the next morning, the hounds, Nanton and accompanying guards were on the trail again. The hounds easily picked up the scent and continued north through the ravine towards Burrard Inlet. At this point the convicts could easily have obtained a boat or jumped a train to the interior.
It seems more than probable that the track taken by the hounds was the route taken by the escaping convicts. This is in spite of the speculation that the prisoners, through collusion with guards and others, merely walked out the open gate in the west fence.

The Victoria Daily Colonist of 11 Aug 07, p5, went on the describe the hound's pitiful attempts Friday morning after the escape. The hound "sulked fearfully", and lost the scent about a mile and a half from the penitentiary walls. They stumbled about for another one and one-half hours, and then the "quartette of officials and a couple of newspapermen" gave up.

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